The Reigning Prince
The Reigning Prince is the Head of State. He may only exercise his right to state authority in accordance with the provisions of the constitution and of other laws.
He represents the state vis-à-vis foreign states. He signs international treaties either in person or delegates this function to a plenipotentiary. Some treaties under international law only become valid when they have been ratified by parliament.
The Reigning Prince's involvement in legislation consists in a right to take initiatives in the form of government bills and in the right to sanction the laws on which their validity depends.
The Reigning Prince has the power to enact princely decrees. With one such
decree, for instance, he convenes parliament. Emergency decrees come within the
scope of princely decrees and through these the Reigning Prince may, in
compelling cases, take measures for the security and welfare of the state
without parliament’s involvement, but with the countersignature of the Head of
The Reigning Prince has the right
The Reigning Prince has the right to convene and to prorogue parliament and, for serious reasons, to adjourn it for three months or to dissolve it.
On the basis of names put forward by parliament the Reigning Prince nominates the government and the district judges, the high court judges, the judges of the Supreme Court, and the presidents and their deputies of the Constitutional Court and of the Administrative Court of Appeal.
The Reigning Prince's other authorities include exercising the right of reprieve and the rights to mitigate and commute punishments that have been imposed with legal force, and the abolition - i.e. the dismissal - of investigations that have been initiated. Jurisdiction in its entirety is exercised on behalf of the Reigning Prince by sworn judges. All judgements are issued in the name of the Reigning Prince.