The Reigning Prince


According to the the Principality of Liechtenstein’s constitution, Liechtenstein is a constitutional, hereditary monarchy on a democratic and parliamentary basis. The power of the State is inherent in and issues from the Reigning Prince and the People and shall be exercised by both.

The Reigning Prince of Liechtenstein is the Head of State. He exercises his right to state authority in accordance with the provisions of the constitution and the other laws of the Principality of Liechtenstein.

He represents the state vis-à-vis foreign states. He signs international treaties either in person or delegates this function to a plenipotentiary. Some treaties under international law only become valid when they have been ratified by parliament.

The Reigning Prince's involvement in legislation consists in a right to take initiatives in the form of government bills and in the right to sanction the laws on which their validity depends.

The Reigning Prince has the power to enact princely decrees. With one such decree, for instance, he convenes parliament. Emergency decrees come within the scope of princely decrees and through these the Reigning Prince may, in compelling cases, take measures for the security and welfare of the state without parliament’s involvement, but with the countersignature of the Head of Government.

The Reigning Prince has the right

The Reigning Prince has the right to convene and to prorogue parliament and, for serious reasons, to adjourn it for three months or to dissolve it.

On the basis of names put forward by parliament the Reigning Prince nominates the government. He also nominates all judges after they have been proposed by a selection board and approved by parliament or the people in a popular vote.

The Reigning Prince's other authorities include exercising the right of reprieve and the rights to mitigate and commute punishments that have been imposed with legal force, and the abolition - i.e. the dismissal - of investigations that have been initiated.

Ansprache Seiner Durchlaucht Erbprinz Alois von und zu Liechtenstein anlässlich der Landtagseröffnung am 21. Januar 2016
Ansprache Seiner Durchlaucht Erbprinz Alois von und zu Liechtenstein anlässlich des Staatsfeiertages 2015
Speech by H.S.H. Hereditary Prince Alois of Liechtenstein
For other interesting news, click here