Prince Alois II.   1836 - 1858

With Alois (born 1796, died 1858), the eldest son of Prince Johann I took over the governance of the country. Unlike his father, he showed interest in problems of agriculture and botany and grew on his possessions various plants, which were brought by specialists from England and overseas. Thanks to his active contacts to contemporary artists, he was also able to complete the art collections.

Prince Alois II is very important for Liechtenstein, because he was the first prince to visit his country (1842 and 1847), contributing in an active way to its economic and political development. The protective constructions by the Rhine were tackled under his reign, so that the valley plain might ultimately be spared by the recurring floods. Through the conclusion of a Customs Contract with Austria (1852), the basis for an economic upswing was also established.

Subsequent to the February Revolution in Paris in 1848, liberal tendencies began to be felt in Liechtenstein too, and the population demanded a liberal constitution in a petition addressed to the prince. In a first answer, Alois II revoked various duties and feudal taxes and on the 7th of March 1849 he issued a series of dispositions, enabling the people to take an active part in the configuration of the political life. In 1852, after the failure of the revolution, he revoked all these regulations, but the final step towards a new constitution after his death in 1858 was not very far away.

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Result of the popular vote on the power of veto of the Reigning Prince
 
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